Douglas-Home, Sir Alec

Douglas-Home, Sir Alec
(1903–95)
   Born into the Scottish aristocracy, Alec Home became a Member of Parliament in 1931 and soon achieved minor office. He lost his Lanark seat in 1945, regained it five years later but within a year had inherited his father’s title to become the 14th Earl of Home. He served the Conservatives in the House of Lords, before being elevated to the position of Foreign Secretary in the Macmillan Government in 1960. On Macmillan’s resignation in October 1963, the vacant party leadership and premiership was to be filled via a process of ‘soundings’ among the party’s elder statesmen (later dubbed ‘the magic circle’). Senior figures including Macmillan suggested Home, who had emerged as a possible compromise candidate. The Queen invited him to become Prime Minister and Home took advantage of the recently passed Peerage Act to renounce his title and become Sir Alec Douglas-Home. He won a by-election and thereby entered the history books as the only Prime Minister to resign as a peer to re-enter the Commons. His renunciation of the title illustrated an acceptance that it would be impractical for anyone to serve as Prime Minister whilst sitting in the House of Lords.
   He was only briefly Prime Minister, serving at a time when the Conservatives had been damaged by a series of problems and scandals. The party narrowly lost the 1964 general election, Home staying on for a few months in order to set a new method of selecting the leader in motion. He returned to office as Foreign Secretary in the Heath Government and following its defeat in February 1974 he retired from front-line politics and was later restored to the upper chamber as a life peer.

Glossary of UK Government and Politics . 2013.

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  • Douglas-Home, Sir Alec — orig. Alexander Frederick later Baron Home (of the Hirsel of Coldstream) born July 2, 1903, London, Eng. died Oct. 9, 1995, The Hirsel, Coldstream, Berwickshire, Scot. British statesman. A member of the House of Commons (1931–45 and 1950–51), he… …   Universalium

  • Douglas-Home, Sir Alec — orig. Alexander Frederick post. barón Home (del Hirsel de Coldstream) (2 jul. 1903, Londres, Inglaterra–9 oct. 1995, The Hirsel, Coldstream, Berwickshire, Escocia). Estadista británico. Miembro de la Cámara de los Comunes (1931–45 y 1950–51),… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alec Douglas-Home — (1986) Sir Alexander Frederic Douglas Home, Baron Home of the Hirsel, KT, von 1951 bis 1963 14. Earl of Home (ausgesprochen /hjuːm/ Hume ), (* 2. Juli 1903 in Mayfair, London; † 9. Oktober 1995 in Berwickshire …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DOUGLAS-HOME (A.) — Alexander (Alec) Frederick HOME 1903 1995 Descendant d’une fort ancienne dynastie écossaise, qui lui vaut, en 1951, d’hériter du titre de quatorzième comte de Home, il brise cette continuité. Mort à quatre vingt douze ans, le 9 octobre 1995, dans …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alec Douglas-Home — [Alec Douglas Home] (1903–95) a British Conservative politician and ↑Prime Minister (1963–4). He was an ↑MP when he became Lord Home on the death …   Useful english dictionary

  • Alec Douglas-Home — The Right Honourable The Lord Home of the Hirsel KT PC Prime Minister of the United Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Home of the Hirsel, Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home — ▪ 1996       BARON, OF COLDSTREAM (SIR ALEC DOUGLAS HOME), British politician and statesman (b. July 2, 1903, London, England d. Oct. 9, 1995, Coldstream, Berwickshire, Scotland), as Sir Alec Douglas Home, served as prime minister from Oct. 19,… …   Universalium

  • Douglas-Home, William — ▪ British playwright born June 3, 1912, Edinburgh, Scot. died Sept. 28, 1992, Kilmeston, Hampshire, Eng.       British playwright who, in four decades, created more than 40 plays, notably light comedies that often were produced on Broadway and… …   Universalium

  • Douglas — Douglas, Kirk Douglas, Michael Kirk ► C. cap. de la isla británica de Man, en su costa SE, en el mar de Irlanda; 20 368 h. * * * (as used in expressions) Adrian, Edgar Douglas Bradbury, Ray (Douglas) Douglas, Aaron Douglas, Kirk Douglas, Michael …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Home — (del lat. «homo, ĭnis»; ant.) m. *Hombre. * * * home. (Del lat. homo, ĭnis). m. Sev. hombre. || home de leyenda. m. ant. clérigo (ǁ hombre que ha recibido las órdenes sagradas). * * * Home es el quinto álbum de estudi …   Enciclopedia Universal

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